The threat of land loss is increasingly present throughout Africa. Large international investors have begun a massive land purchase with mining targets or mere speculation, among other objectives.
This is causing small farmers to see how these large corporations and farms take their lands, on which families depend to eat and earn a living, because they lack the means to defend themselves.
In Angola, the Land Act is actually existing and should potentially be used to resolve the existing conflict. However, the authorities do not have the knowledge or the means to implement the law in favour of the poorest farmers. At the same time, the small family farmers need support and help in claiming the titles of their lands.
Therefore, together with Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) CODESPA is supporting local authorities to perform the first legalisations of land ownership of small family farms in the province of Bié.
We are carrying out training with all the public institutions involved in the process for the legalisation and holding of land. Likewise, together with FAO, we are supporting a land delimitation methodology which favours the resolution of existing conflicts. We also inform local rural communities about the existence of the Land Act as well as on their rights and the procedures to be done to legalise their land.
For small family farms land legalisation is the first step towards increased income and better living conditions. Once Farmers legalise land property they can avoid possible illegal acquisitions by large companies. Using property as a guarantee farmers can also access to microcredits, that they can use to make small investments and improve crop productivity. Finally, small farmers can make use of the land according to their needs.